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Men with diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease are at greater risk. ED also increases with age and may develop in men with an enlarged prostate and/or urinary incontinence. Sometimes it can develop following pelvic surgery, pelvic radiotherapy, pelvic trauma or spinal cord injury. smoking, high consumption of alcohol, high cholesterol levels, drug abuse, cycling, a sedentary lifestyle, obesity weak pelvic floor muscles

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IASH listens to their patient calmly and understands the symptoms before starting the treatment.
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Other than strengthening the pelvic floor, the most effective workout is aerobic. Aerobic exercise of moderate-to-vigorous intensity can help improve function and reduce other conditions that can contribute to ED such as high blood pressure and excess weight. Even a regular routine of gentle walking can contribute to penis health.
Men typically have 3 – 5 erections per 8 hours of sleep, usually at night. This is called nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT). The NPT test shows whether these erections have occurred.

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It's also important to know that drinking alcohol won't help you maintain an erection. In fact, excessive alcohol use can be a cause of erectile dysfunction.
Our urologists have access to state-of-the-art technology and provide the latest, safest erectile dysfunction treatments.

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Did you receive surgical intervention for your erectile dysfunction? Were you satisfied with the results?

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When a man is at the age of 40, he might face diabetes problems or bp problems, which may also affect the proper blood flow and can also lead to an erection problem.

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    The authors stated that this study has several drawbacks, most notably the small number of studies (n = 9) involved and the lack of a clear definition of ED. A single study assessed presence of ED by means of a single question (“How would you describe your ability to get and keep an erection that is adequate for satisfactory intercourse?”). The remaining studies used validated questionnaires: in detail, 4studies used the IIEF and 4 studies used the IIEF-5. However, most studies did not report separate measurements of serum Hcy based on the degree of severity of ED. Last Review 08/23/2021 Last Review 08/23/2021 Copyright Aetna Inc. All rights reserved. Clinical Policy Bulletins are developed by Aetna to assist in administering plan benefits and constitute neither offers of coverage nor medical advice. This Clinical Policy Bulletin contains only a partial, general description of plan or program benefits and does not constitute a contract. Aetna does not provide health care services and, therefore, cannot guarantee any results or outcomes. Participating providers are independent contractors in private practice and are neither employees nor agents of Aetna or its affiliates. Treating providers are solely responsible for medical advice and treatment of members. This Clinical Policy Bulletin may be updated and therefore is subject to change. Glossary Aetna Mobile App Careers Accessibility Services Terms of Use Investor Info FAQs Program Provisions Interest-Based Ads Policy Legal Notices Plan Disclosures Nondiscrimination Notice Site Map Privacy Center State Directory Language services can be provided by calling the number on your member ID card. For additional language assistance: Español 中文 Tiếng Việt 한국어 Tagalog Pусский العربية Kreyòl Français Polski Português Italiano Deutsch 日本語 فارسی Other Languages… Links to various non-Aetna sites are provided for your convenience only. Aetna Inc. and its subsidiary companies are not responsible or liable for the content, accuracy, or privacy practices of linked sites, or for products or services described on these sites. About Us A Life-Changing Surgery Dedicated Outpatient Surgery Centers Concierge Service Physicians Locations Penile Implants ED Treating Erectile Dysfunction Doppler Ultrasound For ED Diagnosis Penile Implants for ED Peyronie’s Implants for Peyronie’s Patients Making a Bent Penis Straight Again Resources Concierge Service Pre-and Post-Operative Instruction Financial Policy Financial FAQs Frequently Asked Questions Patient Portal Participating Insurance Companies Privacy Policy Videos

    Doctors are more and more convinced that sexual health is directly correlated to overall health. A recent study showed that 44% of men who suffer from erectile dysfunction experience this problem because of health complications like diabetes and hypertension (high blood pressure).
    Poor communication with your partner.Feelings of doubt and failure.Stress, fear, anxiety, or anger.Expecting too much from sex. This can make sex a task instead of a pleasure.

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    ED is a common disease affecting men with IHD. Endothelial dysfunction is the link between ED and IHD and both diseases share the same aetiology, risk factors and pathogenesis. Aggressive control of these risk factors – along with lifestyle modification – is recommended to improve symptoms of ED and reduce cardiovascular risk. PDE5 inhibitors remain the first-choice treatment for ED in IHD patients and they have been shown to be safe and effective. However, PDE5 inhibitors can potentiate the hypotensive effect of nitrates so concomitant administration of sildenafil and nitrates is contraindicated. Gene and stem cell therapy are being investigated as a future therapies for ED. Hatzimouratidis K, Amar E, Eardley I, et al. European Association of Urology. Guidelines on male sexual dysfunction: erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation. Eur Urol 2010;57:804–14. Crossref | PubMed Solomon H, Man JW, Jackson G. Erectile dysfunction and the cardiovascular patient: endothelial dysfunction is the common denominator. Heart 2003;89:251–3. PubMed Meller SM, Stilp E, Walker CN, Mena-Hurtado C. The link between vasculogenic erectile dysfunction, coronary artery disease, and peripheral artery disease: role of metabolic factors and endovascular therapy. J Invasive Cardiol 2013;25:313–9. PubMed Fung MM, Bettencourt R, Barrett-Connor E. Heart disease risk factors predict erectile dysfunction 25 years later: The Rancho Bernardo Study. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004;43:1405–11. Crossref | PubMed Giuliano F. New horizons in erectile and endothelial dysfunction research and therapies. Int J Imp Res 2008;20:S2–S8. Crossref | PubMed Rodriguez JJ, Al Dashti R, Schwarz ER. Linking erectile dysfunction and coronary artery disease. Int J Imp Res 2005;17:S12–S18. Crossref | PubMed Kula K, Slowikowska-Hilczer J, Kula W. Pathophysiology of erectile dysfunction – an organisation/activation concept. J Repr Med Endocrinol 2005;2:246–50. Sai Ravi Shanker A, Phanikrishna B, BhakthaVatsala Reddy C. Association between erectile dysfunction and coronary artery disease and its severity. Indian Heart J 2013;65:180–6. Crossref | PubMed Montorsi P, Ravagnani PM, Galli S, et al. Common grounds for erectile dysfunction and coronary artery disease. Curr Opinion Urol 2004;14:361–5. PubMed Dong JY, Zhang YH, Qin LQ. Erectile dysfunction and risk of cardiovascular Disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2011;58:1378–85. Crossref | PubMed Inman BA, St. Sauver JL, Jacobson DJ, et al. A population-based, longitudinal study of erectile dysfunction and future coronary artery disease. Mayo Clin Proc 2009;84:108–13. Crossref | PubMed Banks E, Joshy G, Abhayaratna WP, et al. Erectile dysfunction severity as a risk marker for cardiovascular disease hospitalisation and all-cause mortality: a prospective cohort study. PLoS Med 2013;10:e1001372. Crossref | PubMed Batty GD, Li Q, Czernichow S, et al. Erectile dysfunction and later cardiovascular disease in men with type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study based on the ADVANCE trial. J Am Coll Cardiol 2010;56:1908–13. Crossref | PubMed Thompson IM, Tangen CM, Goodman PJ, et al. Erectile dysfunction and subsequent cardiovascular disease. JAMA 2005;294:2996–3002. Crossref | PubMed Greenstein A, Chen J, Miller H, et al. Does severity of ischemic coronary disease correlate with erectile function? Int J Impot Res 1997;9:123–6; PubMed Montorsi F, Briganti A, Salonia A, et al. Erectile dysfunction prevalence, time of onset and association with risk factors in 300 consecutive patients with acute chest pain and angiographically documented coronary artery disease. Eur Urol 2003;44:360–4. Crossref | PubMed Jackson G. Erectile dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Arab J Urology 2013;11:212–6. Crossref | PubMed Simonsen U. Interactions between drugs for erectile dysfunction and drugs for cardiovascular disease. Int J Impot Res 2002;14:178–88. Crossref | PubMed Chang SW, Fine R, Siegel D, et al. The impact of diuretic therapy on reported sexual function. Arch Intern Med 1991;151:2402–8. Crossref | PubMed Grimm RH Jr, Grandits GA, Prineas RJ, et al. Long-term effects on sexual function of five antihypertensive drugs and nutritional hygienic treatment in hypertensive men and women. Treatment of Mild Hypertension Study (TOMHS). Hypertension 1997;29:8–14. Crossref | PubMed Adverse reactions to bendrofluazide and propranolol for the treatment of mild hypertension. Report of Medical Research Council Working Party on Mild to Moderate Hypertension. Lancet 1981;2:539–43. Crossref | PubMed Fogari R, Preti P, Derosa G, et al. Effect of antihypertensive treatment with valsartan or atenolol on sexual activity and plasma testosterone in hypertensive men. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2002;58:177–80. Crossref | PubMed Doumas M, Tsakiris A, Douma S, et al. Beneficial effects of switching from B-blockers to nebivolol on the erectile function of hypertensive patients. Asian J Androl 2006,8:177–82. Crossref | PubMed Fogari R, Zoppi A, Poletti L, et al. Sexual activity in hypertensive men treated with valsartan or carvedilol: a crossover study. Am J Hypertens 2001;14:27–31. Crossref | PubMed Sharp RP, Gales BJ. Nebivolol versus other beta blockers in patients with hypertension and erectile dysfunction. Ther Adv Urol 2017;9:59–63. Crossref | PubMed Boydak B, Nalbantgil S, Fici F, et al. A randomized comparison of the effects of nebivolol and atenolol with and without chlorthalidone on the sexual function of hypertensive men. Clin Drug Invest 2005;25:409–16. PubMed Cordero A, Bertomeu-Martinez V, Mazon P, et al. Erectile dysfunction in high-risk hypertensive patients treated with beta-blockade agents. Cardiovasc Ther 2010;28:15–22. Crossref | PubMed Brixius K, Middeke M, Lichtenthal A, et al. Nitric oxide, erectile dysfunction and beta blocker treatment (MR NOED study): benefit of nebivolol versus metoprolol in hypertensive men. Clin Exper Pharmacol Phys 2007;34:327–31. Crossref | PubMed Nicolai MP, Liem SS, Both S, et al. A review of the positive and negative effects of cardiovascular drugs on sexual function: a proposed table for use in clinical practice. Neth Heart J 2014;22:11–9. Crossref | PubMed Bacon CG, Mittleman MA, Kawachi I, et al. A prospective study of risk factors for erectile dysfunction. J Urol 2006;176:217–21. Crossref | PubMed Ross R. The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis: a perspective for the 1990s. Nature 1993;362:801–9. Crossref | PubMed Schachinger V, Zeiher AM. Prognostic implications of endothelial dysfunction: does it mean anything? Coronary Artery Dis 2001;12:435–43. PubMed Brunner H, Cockcroft JR, Deanfield J, et al. Endothelial function and dysfunction. Part II: Association with cardiovascular risk factors and diseases. A statement by the Working Group on Endothelins and Endothelial Factors of the European Society of Hypertension. J Hypertens 2005;23:233–46. Crossref | PubMed Andersson K, Stief C. Penile erection and cardiac risk: pathophysiologic and pharmacologic mechanisms. Am J Cardiol 2000;86:23f–6. Crossref | PubMed Kloner RA, Zusman RM. Cardiovascular effects of sildenafil citrate and recommendations for its use. Am J Cardiol 1999;84:11n–7. Crossref | PubMed Jeremy JY, Ballard SA, Naylor AM, et al. Effects of sildenafil, a type-5 cGMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, and papaverine on cGMP and cAMP levels in the rabbit corpus cavernosum in vitro. Br J Urol 1997;79:958–63. Crossref | PubMed Yavuzgil O, Altay B, Zoghi M, et al. Endothelial function in patients with vasculogenic erectile dysfunction. Int J Cardiol 2005;103:19–26. Crossref | PubMed Kaiser DR, Billups K, Mason C, et al. Impaired brachial artery endothelium dependent and independent vasodilation in men with erectile dysfunction and no other clinical cardiovascular disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004;43:179–84. Crossref | PubMed Kinsey AC, Pomeroy WR, Martin CE. Sexual behavior in the human male. Am J Pub Health 2003;93:894–8. Crossref | PubMed Feldman HA, Goldstein I, Hatzichristou DG, et al. Impotence and its medical and psychosocial correlates: results of the Massachusetts male aging study. J Urol 1994;151:54–61. Crossref | PubMed Panza JA, Quyyumi AA, Brush Jr JE, et al. Abnormal endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation in patients with essential hypertension. N Engl J Med 1990;323:22–7. Crossref | PubMed Koga T, Takata Y, Kobayashi K, et al. Age and hypertension promote endothelium dependent contractions to acetylcholine in the aorta of the rat. Hypertension 1989;14:542–8. Crossref | PubMed Kung CF, Luscher TF. Different mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction with aging and hypertension in the rabbit aorta. Hypertension 1995;25:194–200. PubMed Taddei S, Virdis A, Ghiadoni L, et al. Cyclooxygenase inhibition restores nitric oxide activity in essential hypertension. Hypertension 1997;29:274–9. PubMed Behr-Roussel D, Chamiot-Clerc P, Bernabe J, et al. Erectile dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats: pathophysiological mechanisms. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2003;284:R682–8. Crossref | PubMed Chowienczyk PJ, Brett SE, Gopaul NK, et al. Oral treatment with an antioxidant (raxofelast) reduces oxidative stress and improves endothelial function in men with type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia 2000;43:974–7. Crossref | PubMed Seftel AD, Sun P, Swindle R. The prevalence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus and depression in men with erectile dysfunction. J Urol 2004;171:2341–5. Crossref | PubMed Nehra A. Erectile dysfunction and cardiovascular disease: efficacy and safety of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors in men with both conditions. Mayo Clin Proc 2009;84:139–48. Crossref | PubMed Tengs TO, Osgood ND. The link between smoking and impotence: two decades of evidence. Prev Med 2001;32:447–52. Crossref | PubMed Eriksson J, Haring R, Grarup N, et al. Causal relationship between obesity and serum testosterone status in men: A bi-directional mendelian randomization analysis. PLoS One 2017;12:e0176277. Crossref | PubMed Tan RS, Pu SJ. The interlinked depression, erectile dysfunction, and coronary heart disease syndrome in older men: a triad often underdiagnosed. J Gend Specif Med 2003;6:31–6. PubMed Rosen RC. Psychogenic erectile dysfunction. Classification and management. Urol Clin North Am 2001;28:269–78. Crossref | PubMed Maiorino MI, Bellastella G, Esposito K. Diabetes and sexual dysfunction: current perspectives. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2014;7:95–105. Crossref | PubMed Lue TF. Erectile dysfunction. N Engl J Med 2000;342:1802–13. Crossref | PubMed Traish AM, Galoosian A. Androgens modulate endothelial function and endothelial progenitor cells in erectile physiology. Korean J Urology 2013;54:721–31. Crossref | PubMed Crossman DC. The pathophysiology of myocardial ischaemia. Heart 2004;90:576–80. Crossref | PubMed Nehra A, Jackson G, Miner M, et al. The Princeton III Consensus Recommendations for the Management of Erectile Dysfunction and Cardiovascular Disease. Mayo Clin Proc 2012;87:766–78. Crossref | PubMed Gupta BP, Murad MH, Clifton MM, et al. The effect of lifestyle modification and cardiovascular risk factor reduction on erectile dysfunction: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med 2011;171:1797–803. Crossref | PubMed Kling J. From hypertension to angina to Viagra. Mod Drug Discov 1998;1:31–8. Schwarz ER, Rastogi S, Kapur V, et al. Erectile dysfunction in heart failure patients. J Am Coll Cardiol 2006;48:1111–9. Crossref | PubMed Kostis JB, Jackson G, Rosen R. Sexual dysfunction and cardiac risk (the Second Princeton Consensus Conference) Am J Cardiol 2005;96:313–21. Crossref | PubMed Giuliano F, Jackson G, Montorsi F, et al. Safety of sildenafil citrate: review of 67 double-blind placebo-controlled trials and the postmarketing safety database. Int J Clin Pract 2010;64:240–55. Crossref | PubMed Kloner RA, Jackson G, Hutter AM. Cardiovascular safety update of tadalafil: retrospective analysis of data from placebo-controlled and open-label clinical trials of tadalafil with as needed, three times-per-week or once-a-day dosing. Am J Cardiol 2006;97:1778–84. Crossref | PubMed Olsson AM, Persson CA; Swedish Sildenafil Investigators Group. Efficacy and safety of sildenafil citrate for the treatment of erectile dysfunction in men with cardiovascular disease. Int J Clin Pract 2001;55:171–6. PubMed Kloner R, Padma-Nathan H. Erectile dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease. Int J Impot Res 2005;17:209–15. Crossref | PubMed Conti CR, Pepine CJ, Sweeney M. Efficacy and safety of sildenafil citrate in the treatment of erectile dysfunction in patients with ischemic heart disease. Am J Cardiol 1999;83:29C−34. Crossref | PubMed DeBusk RF, Pepine CJ, Glasser DB, et al. Efficacy and safety of sildenafil citrate in men with erectile dysfunction and stable coronary artery disease. Am J Cardiol 2004;93:147−53. Crossref | PubMed Kloner RA, Goggin P, Goldstein I, et al. A new perspective on the nitrate-phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor interaction. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther 2018;23:375−86. Crossref Arruda-Olson AM, Mahoney DW, Nehra A, et al. Cardiovascular effects of sildenafil during exercise in men with known or probable coronary artery disease. A randomized crossover trial. JAMA 2002;287:719−25. Crossref | PubMed Mittleman MA, Glasser DB, Orazem J. Clinical trials of sildenafil citrate demonstrate no increase in risk of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular death compared with placebo. Int J Clin Pract 2003;57:597−600. PubMed De Vecchis R, Cesaro A, Ariano C, et al. Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors improve clinical outcomes, exercise capacity and pulmonary hemodynamics in patients with heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction: a meta-analysis. J Clin Med Res 2017;9:488–98. Crossref | PubMed Assad TR, Hemnes AR, Larkin EK, et al. Clinical and biological insights into combined post- and pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol 2016;68:2525–36. Crossref | PubMed Hackett G, Kirby M, Wylie K, et al. British Society for Sexual Medicine guidelines on the management of erectile dysfunction in men – 2017. J Sex Med 2018;15:430–57. Crossref | PubMed Hackett G, Kirby M, Edwards D, et al. British Society for Sexual Medicine guidelines on adult testosterone deficiency, with statements for UK practice. J Sex Med 2017;14:1504–23. Crossref | PubMed Anaissie J, Hellstrom WJ. Clinical use of alprostadil topical cream in patients with erectile dysfunction: a review. Res Rep Urol 2016;8:123–31. Crossref | PubMed Bivalacqua TJ, Deng W, Champion HC, et al. Gene therapy techniques for the delivery of endothelial nitric oxide synthase to the corpa cavernosa for erectile dysfunction. Methods Mol Biol 2004;279:173–85. Crossref | PubMed Bivalacqua TJ, Usta MF, Champion HC, et al. Effect of combination endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene therapy and sildenafil on erectile function in diabetic rats. Int J Impot Res 2004;16:21–9. Crossref | PubMed Bivalacqua TJ, Usta MF, Champion HC, et al. Gene transfer of endothelial nitric oxide synthase partially restores nitric oxide synthesis and erectile function in streptozotocin diabetic rats. J Urol 2003;169:1911–7. Crossref | PubMed Harraz A, Shindel AW, Lue TF. Emerging gene and stem cell therapies for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. 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    Also Read |Survey reveals the crucial role women play in addressing male impotence
    Categories: Family Health, Men, Prevention and Wellness, Seniors, Sex and Birth Control, Sex and Sexuality

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    Aerobic exercises, such as walking or running, improve cardiovascular health, help men maintain a healthy weight, and decrease the risk of high blood pressure. In a review of studies on exercise and E.D., researchers discovered that 160 minutes of moderate to vigorous aerobic activity per week divided over four days decreased E.D. (Gerbild et al., 2018).

    The successful treatment of erectile dysfunction (impotence) has been demonstrated to improve couple intimacy, improve sexual satisfaction, improve male self-esteem, and overall quality of life. In some men, it may also relieve symptoms of depression.
    Aetna considers testosterone injection experimental and investigational for Peyronie’s disease because of a lack of evidence from prospective randomized controlled clinical studies of the effectiveness of this approach for this indication.

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    At first glance, much of the above might seem like involuntary bodily movements, and a lot of the time, they are. But for people experiencing erectile dysfunction, these processes often aren't functioning properly.

    According to Harvard Health Publishing, walking for 30 minutes a day can slash a man’s likelihood of developing ED. Research shows that men who take 30-minute daily walks have a 41 percent lower risk of erectile dysfunction than men who don’t go for walks. Men don’t have to live in the gym to see benefits from exercise for ED.
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The idea of using low-energy shock waves to treat erectile dysfunction comes from studies that show that these types of shocks help heart blood vessels regrow, a process called revascularization. Shock wave therapy may also work on the penis, and there have been some promising results, but it’s not currently an approved ED treatment. "It’s similar to the type of shock waves used to break up kidney stones, and it may cause revascularization,” says Bennett. “However, there are not yet any good controlled studies to recommend it to patients."

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Recent stroke or heart attackSevere heart disease, such as unstable angina or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)Severe heart failureUncontrolled high blood pressureUncontrolled diabetesVery low blood pressure

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You may be surprised to learn that a urinary tract infection does not always cause pain or burning, but you may have other symptoms.

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Some men find that the treatment options listed above are not suitable for them due to medical conditions, lifestyles, personal preference, or the treatment option may be ineffective. In this case, a penile implant may be an appropriate option.

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